Working Springer Spaniel puppies
Cocker spaniels are descended from spaniels, one of the oldest breed of dogs. Spaniels have become a part of history in stories by Chaucer (1342-1400), Shakespeare (1564-1616), and even played a part in England’s separation from the Catholic Church when Lord Wiltshire’s cocker spaniel bit Pope Clement VIII on the toe. In the end, Henry VIII severed his relations with the Catholic Church.
Spaniels may have arrived in England during Caesar’s invasion (54-55 BC). It is assumed spaniels originated from Spain as the word spaniel may be derived from Hispania (Spain) or possibly from the French phrase Chiens de l’ Espagnol (Dog of Spain). Spaniels were especially bred to flush game out of dense brush. By the late 1600’s spaniels had become specialized into water and land breeds. The English water spaniel (extinct) was used to retrieve water fowl shot down with arrows. Land spaniels were comprised of setting spaniels—those that crept forward and pointed their game allowing hunters to ensnare them with nets, and springing spaniels—those that sprang pheasants and partridges for hunting with falcons, and rabbits for hunting with greyhounds. During the 17th century, the role of the spaniel dramatically changed as Englishmen began hunting with flintlocks for wing shooting. Goodall & Gasow (1984), write the spaniels were "transformed from untrained, wild beaters, to smooth, polished gun dogs."
Springing spaniels would lay the foundation of all modern day flushing spaniels. In a single litter of springer spaniels, the larger pups would become springer spaniels, the smaller pups would become cocker spaniels, and the medium-sized pups would become Sussex spaniels: Size alone was the only difference.Ancestry of Cocker Spaniels
American hunters found great sport with spaniels at their side as written by Jeff Griffen (1964).
But the spaniel is at his best as a hunter with his master gunning over him. From the hayfields and weed patches of New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the brome grass of Illinois and Ohio, from the cornfields of the Dakotas to the rice stubble of California the spaniel provides the finest sporting hunting there is. Perhaps this sounds like a bold statement, but the spaniel flushes his game, thus the hunter is never as completely prepared as he is with a pointing dog, and the bird has an even chance of escape. Spaniels are not quail dogs but they are superb on pheasant and woodcock; even on grouse they are hard to beat.
Before 1892 cocker spaniels were not specifically bred as such or recognized as a separate breed by the English Kennel Club. One litter of springer spaniels would produce three types of dogs (springers, Sussex, and cockers). Bench shows in England were confusing as pups would be entered as cockers one year and springers the next year as they grew larger.
The prototypes of modern cocker spaniels were Obo (1879), predecessor of today's English cocker spaniel and Obo II, considered father of American cocker spaniels. Obo was the offspring of a Sussex spaniel sire and a field spaniel dam (field spaniels are related to springers). The difference between English and American cocker spaniels is the latter was bred more for showing than hunting. As Author Jeff Griffren wrote, "the American variety became smaller and more beautiful" while the "English version grew rangier and stronger." Indeed, English cocker spaniels more closely resemble their springer spaniel ancestors.
It seems necessary to explain the practice of tail docking since it has been used on cocker spaniels throughout history. Most archived photos and drawings illustrate the cocker spaniel with a docked tail. That is one-half to two-thirds of the tail is removed. Breeders would use a sharp pair of shears for the task. The reason tails were docked was to prevent injury as the dog ran through heavy brush while flushing game. However, today's cocker spaniels are kept mostly as pets rather than hunters. Tail docking does have effects on the animal. Even when performed by a veterinarian, the animal is seldom anesthetized by local or general anesthetic due to the risks involved. The procedure is painful causing stress to the animal. There is always the risk of infection and possibly death from the procedure. Other risks include hemorrhage, meningitis, chronic pain or loss of sensation. Tail docking also effects the dog's balance and gait: "Because of its docked tail, the Cocker Spaniel resorts to a spread stance for static balance."
It seems tail docking has behavioral effects on dogs as well. Psychologist Stanley Coren states dogs with docked tails seem to be victims of aggressive encounters with other dogs. Apparently, dogs use their tails as part of their body language when communicating with each other. Dogs with docked tails unintentionally send out mixed signals to other dogs resulting in aggressive attacks.
The Price of Fame
One of the most influential American cocker spaniels of the 1920s.
Read The Blood of Red Brucie
Photo Courtesy Doral Publishing
During the early 1900's American cocker spaniels captured the hearts of the world for the first time. In 1921, an American cocker spaniel became the first of its breed to win Best in Show at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show. The reason is quite clear if you ever owned an American cocker spaniel but Jeff Griffren said it best: "The smallest of the sporting dogs, with floppy ears, large, soulful eyes and joyful disposition that always responds to affection, the Cocker Spaniel is one of the most lovable and popular dogs on earth." In fact, the public was so enamored with the American cocker spaniel that it held the number one position in the American Kennel Club (AKC) registrations for a solid 16 years in a row; a feat that no other breed has accomplished.How to solve a rubik's cube? How to become a mystery shopper? What does bn mean? why is helper t cell always eating What does it mean when your discharge is brown? What are tongue piercing for? How to watch netflix on facetime? How totalk to anyone 92 little tricks for big successin relationships? What are carbohydrates? What does bbc mean in email? Why are the tips of my toes red? What are prerequisites? how much is lucas transmission helper at o'reilly how much snow in 2016-2017 winter in helper utah 5 useful tips on how to stay motivated as a writer site:blog.bookventure.com? What you allow is what will continue meaning? What are the symptoms of kidney failure? who is a good helper What does prop gun mean? How to get rid of toenail fungus? How long to bake a whole chicken at 350? How to get rid of calluses on feet overnight? Tips on how ro be a classy lady at dinner? How does a hostess make tips? How to macrame plant hanger? how do you find helper number in family search What does were mean? How to be a porn star? how do i get rid of the edge inbox helper How to harmlessly dye my tips purple? What kind of doctor does a colonoscopy? How to get more likes on instagram? What will cut the gunk on my wilton frosting tips? What are some tips and tricks to understanding poems? What does semi weekly mean? Interviewing tips what not to do? How to get rid of fleas in the house fast? What does frantically mean? How to tricks eye to see color? What time does bath and body works close? How to clear nose? What does ^^ mean in chat? What is the meaning of francisco? How to tattoo tips and tricks? What does it mean if the tips of your fingers are purple? How to do easy yoyo tricks for beginners? When you see a rainbow meaning? What does twd mean? What does soviet mean? What does gangnam mean? What does perrla stand for? How to draw a parrot? What is the meaning of inverse operation? What time is it in omaha nebraska? How to prevent your finger tips from hurting when playing guitar? How to cite a website in mla format? how is naive t helper cells activated How to get closer to god? How to get rid of ladybugs? See https://fb.me/react-invalid-hook-call for tips about how to debug and fix this problem.? What are some google tricks? What are 556 green tips? What does i caramba mean? How to skip a period? What does haughty eyes mean? What does intersectionality mean? Tips on how to defeat sans undertaker? How to catch latias in platinum tips? Can you smell what the rock is cooking? How to get smooth skin? Kitchen nightmares us husband and wife team whose manager takes tips from servers? What is the meaning of equity? How to make your personal injury lawyer fight for you dirty tricks played by th eother side? What is the meaning of joy? What are the different tips odf doctor? How to magicians do tricks where item ends up in someones pocket? What does triangle mean in math? What are the tricks of striped marlin to survive? what is tprovider helper in my android phone How to make rice krispies? How to transfer apps to new iphone? How to screen record on a mac? What is a resolution? What is cop26? What does create mean? How to make someone fall in love with you? What does seeing a white butterfly mean? How to get rid of tickle in your throat? What does nympho mean? What does radical mean? How to strengthen lower back? What does catering mean? What is the meaning of izuku? What does ti amo mean in spanish? how to get 1000 kills on one helper lottery defense how to install plexbmc helper How to make fried pickles in air fryer? What does ultra mean? What does lodging mean? How to reset xbox one controller? How to get gum out of carpet? How to sew a hole? How to make fruit dip? What does whp mean? Tips for better customer service how to help a customer? What does s & m mean? How to hold a gun? What is the meaning of swan song? What channel is tlc? What episode does george die in grey's anatomy? How to get a saddle in minecraft? How to propagate wandering jew? What essential oils are good for headaches? What are cluster munitions? What is roc? What does exfoliate mean for skin? What does designated hitter mean? what jobs can a 10 year old do for money mother's helper What types of cultures used coin tricks? What does doe stand for salary? What statement about risks in social and behavioral sciences research is most accurate:? How long to bake turkey tips? What does the name zachary mean? What does a genital wart look like? How to lose friends and alienate people? How to cut your own bangs? What is hearsay in court? Tips when quitting nicotine? What is bookkeeping? How long to grill steak? What does going ham mean? What does a red bird mean? How to light a candle in minecraft? What are the biggest colleges in the us? What channel are the red sox on tonight? Tips on how to play survivor in transformice? What are the three subatomic particles? Tips to get power of attorney authorized when someone refuses to accept help from relatives? How to make sticky rice? How to get a police report? How to make your forehead smaller? How to read guitar sheet music? How to transfer apps from android to android? Tips on how to ride a horse? How big is australia compared to the us? What is queued meaning? How to check blood pressure? Why do the tips of my toes turn purple? Tricks for nausea when pregnant? How to see archived emails gmail? Who sang bitches aint shit but hoes and tricks? What does bustling mean? What martial law meaning? What does rose quartz mean? How do you do smoke tricks out of mouth? How to screenshot on an ipad? What does google mean? How to create drop down list in google sheets? What does probation mean? What are introduction tips in catheters called? What is focus on iphone? How to waterproof wood? What are gifts on tik tok? What are low lights? What time does the rec center close? Tips for experimenting what to start with? What is a hoe? How to get engrams destiny tips and tricks? What is the meaning of india's flag design and colors? How long does it take to build a house? What are peptides in skincare? How to get legend tokens in apex? What does gal mean? What states are radar detectors illegal? What does yt mean on tiktok? How to file tips on taxes? How long to cook a turkey breast? What does savant mean? Where ti sailin st.petersburg beach tips? What is the meaning of mend? What does counselling mean? How to rewrite a sentence without changing the meaning? How to quit caping? What does hyperbolic mean? What does a endocrinologist do? hypixel what is a helper rank What does cash flow mean in business? What does a red moon mean? How to pinch back growing tips of pachira? what is s helper on mac How to 2 hand in elden ring? What does low tire pressure mean? How to delete a paypal account? How to cream butter? What does dreams mean? What does iron deficiency cause? How to pronounce gal gadot? What does the name antonio mean? What does aroma mean? What is the meaning behind we don't talk about bruno? What is the meaning of the word obscure? How to cum alot? What is a birthmark? How to multiply fractions? What does angel number 1010 mean? What are the starbucks sizes? How to make salmon cakes? What is the meaning of mona's name genshin quiz? What does vato mean in spanish? Tips when conducting narrative research? What are kidnappers favorite shoes meaning? What does poetic devices meaning? Where the time goes meaning? Tricks to protect browa when using latex paint? How long does it take to change brakes? What is the meaning of a feather with birds tattoo? How to cook green beans on stove? What does sumac taste like? how to delete panda helper 2022 Meaning of how come? What is the meaning of the name eric? What are russian oligarchs meaning? What is the meaning of classified? How to get rid of razor bumps on vag fast? How to run faster tricks? How to make a compass? How to type square root? What does rachel mean? Tips on how to paint? Tips how to get google reviews? How to set goals? How to turn off focus on iphone? How many health tips are there? How to change folder icon mac? What will happen to restuarants when tips are eliminated? How does carbonareau effect do his tricks? What does btfo mean? How to clean suede shoes? What does ntr mean in text? How to travel lightly tips? which of the following viewpoints could lead to helper incompetence quizlet What is the meaning of assets and liabilities? What does promptly mean? What time does the super bowl play tomorrow? How to wash towels? What does a cat's tail wagging mean? Tips for how to bring down a fever? What is the meaning of the rome flag? How to get ink stains out of clothes? How many pages how to talk to anyone 92 little tricks for big success in relationships? What does immunity mean? How to stop screen recording on mac? Preaching tips how to prepare a sermon? What is web 3? What are the five safty tips? How do tips funds work? What is your deepest fear coach carter meaning? What does the magician tarot card mean? Tricks on how to keep raccoons away from bird feeders? How to become a better writer? how to use helper functions in nodejs How to hold people accountable tips and tools? What are hotspots on dogs? What does wep mean? Which visual aid would help you understand the meaning behind a photograph? Bad tips when busy? What level does budew evolve?